On the 14th of May 1948, the Jewish people proclaimed the state of Israel on the territory that was conferred to them by the United Nations. The following years were characterized by terroristic raids on Israeli villages and cities and warlike confrontations, with support of Arabic countries, which also started an economic and diplomatic boycott against Israel. Signs of reconciliation were the peace treaties with Egypt (1979) and Jordan (1994) as well as the Declaration of Principles (September 1993) that was signed by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

Germany and Israel share a common history. It is overshadowed by the systematic genocide of approximately six million European Jews during the period of National Socialism. Germany faces its historic responsibility for this crime. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations on the 12th of May 1965, the German-Israeli relationship has continually improved and deepened politically and civically; the countries are also engaging on the community level, with nearly 100 different twin city partnerships. 

The origins of Jewish life in Bavaria date way back to the early Middle Ages. Jewish traders worked in Regensburg. Jewish merchants were in Munich since the 13th century. For a long time, the Jewish culture influenced the social life in Bavaria. After the horrors of the Holocaust and the Second World War, the Bavarian-Israeli relationship were fostered and intensified, especially by Franz Josef Strauß. Due to the attacks on Israeli athletes during the Olympic Games in 1972, Munich has been connected in a sad and unfortunate way to state of Israel and the Jewish people However, since 2011, there has been an Israeli consulate general in Munich, which acts as a vivid sign for the regained mutual friendship.